Liquidity Risk, Market Power and Reserve Accumulation

Abstract

Using a multi-unit uniform auction model, we combine bidding data from open market operations as well as macroeconomic information to recover the latent distribution of liquidity risk across banks and how it is affected by policy in Chile. We find that unanticipated shocks to foreign reserve accumulation and interest rates have significant effects on aggregate beliefs about a liquidity shock in the near future, while news about reserve accumulation are not effective. These results suggest the presence of a novel informational channel for macroeconomic policy, while we demonstrate that accounting for market power is important for uncovering these effects.